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Authors

Yun Hee Jeong

Abstract

Despite the voluminous research on switching barriers, the notion that they can generate negative responses has not been investigated. Further, a critical question is what determines the strength of such negative responses, to address this question, the classic then of psychologjcal reactance is briefly reviewed, and the idea of switching barrier is advanced. This study attempts to suggest a model on the negative effects of switching- frustrated situation, based on the studies on psychological reactance. According to psychological reactance theory(Brehm 1966), whenever a freedom is threatened or removed, individuals are motivated, at least temporarily, to restore their freedom, For example, if individuals think they are free to engage in behaviors .v, y, or z, then threatening their freedom to engage in x would cause psychological reactance. This reactance could be reduced by an increase in the perceived attractiveness of engaging in, the threatened behavior (Kivetz 2005). This investigation seeks to extend existing switching barrier research in three important ways. First, while the past research has emphasized only positive role of switching barrier, this study address negative role of it by applying psychological reactance theory. Second. to find negative results of switching barrier, I suggest negative psychological response including regret to the pest choice, resentment to the present provider, and strong desire to the alternative provider. Third, I suggest the perceived severity of the switching bathers, the attractiveness of the alternative as switching-frustrated situation which can lead to negative results. And, in addition to these relationships, I added moderated effects of perceived justice for better explanation. So this study includes the following hypotheses. Hi-l~Hi-3: The attractiveness of the alternative has a positive effect regret to the past choice (hl-1), resentment to the present provider (hi-2), and strong desire to the alternative provider (h1-3). H2-1~H2-3: The perceived severity of the switching bather has a positive effect regret to the past choice (h2-1), resentment to the present provider (h2-2), and strong desire to the alternative provider (h2-3), H3-l~H3-3: The positive relationships between the attractiveness of the alternative and consume` negative responses will be stronger at low level of perceived justice than at high level of perceived justice, H4-l~H4-3: The positive relationships between the perceived severity of the switching barrier and consumer`` negative responses will be stronger at low level of perceived justice than at high level of perceived justice, Survey research is employed to test hypotheses involving perceived severity of the switching barrier(Hess 2008), attractiveness of the alternative(Anderson and Narus 1990: Ohanian 1990), regret(Glovich and Medvec 1995), resentment, strong desire (Alcohol Urge Questionaire: Bohn et al. 1995), perceived justice (Bies and Moag 1986: Clemmer 1993: Lind and Tyler 1998). Previous researches, such as reactance theory, emotion and service failure, have been referenced to measure constructs. All items were measured on a 7-point Likert scale ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree", We collected data involving various service field, and used 249 respondents to analyze these data using the moderated regression. The results of our analysis suggest, as expected, that the perceived severity of the switching barrier had positive effects on regret to the past choice (b = .197, p< .01), resentment to the present provider (b 214, p< .01), and strong desire to the alternative provider (b = 254, p< .001). And the attractiveness of the alternative bad positive effects on regret to the past choice (b = .353, p< .001), resentment to the present provider (6 = .174, p< .01), and strong desire to the alternative provider (b = .265, p< .001). However, our findings indicate perceived justice partly moderates relationship between switching-frustrated situation and psychological negative response, The study has brought to light a number & insights between switching barriers and consumer`` negative responses that have been subject to little prior research. In particular, this study adds to the existing understanding of the psychological responses to switching barriers in switching- frustrated situation. This research therefore has significance to marketers for strategic marketing programs, particularly in terms of customer retention and switching barrier strategies. Since consumers could exhibit negative responses to switching barrier, companies would be able to lose their customer when they thoughtlessly use switching barrier for remaining customer. Although the study has these contributions, there are several limitations including unsupported hypotheses and research method & so, we need to make up for these limitations in the future researches.

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